How To Implement Efficient Test Automation In The Agile World?

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How To Implement Efficient Test Automation In The Agile World?

Agile relies heavily on automation. Consider the plethora of new features that are introduced with each Sprint.  There must be a method to check if the newly introduced feature isn’t interfering with the current features. It is nearly hard to execute the complete suit every time the product is incremented after the Sprint due to the short length of the Sprint.  In this case, having an automated test outfit would undoubtedly be more useful.

It would undoubtedly take some time to introduce and mature into automation, though. Putting effort into planning and creating the automated activities up front will undoubtedly yield better results down the road.

Methodology for Agile Projects

The term “agile methodology” has recently become popular in the software development world. The software development life cycle (SDLC) is characterised by continuous iterations, which is why many product teams have shifted from Waterfall to Agile. Due to the concurrent nature of development and testing in Agile methodology, strong teamwork is essential.

Testing an agile project must adhere to all the principles of the methodology. In fact, it is an essential component of the Agile methodology for creating software. Instead of waiting for the final build, QA teams who use this technique begin testing early on and continue to do so continually throughout the entire process.

Similar to how Agile is proactive, it allows QA teams to access all layers and fundamental units of the product to check its functionality, performance, and look. In a lean manner, it enables the completion of an Agile SDLC, guarantees the accurate development of all customer requirements, and reduces the time to market.

Robotic Testing in Agile vs. Waterfall

The Agile Manifesto emphasises interactions and iterations as a key concept between Agile methodology and conventional methods like Waterfall.

According to the ISTQB® (International Software Testing Qualifications Board), during an Agile project, the following are prioritised:

  • A culture focused on its people. It is necessary to streamline the cooperation between business representatives, QA engineers, and developers rather than relying on technologies to collaborate with multiple participants. Whether it’s determining which product features to build or which testing approach to pursue, each role has different and necessary skill sets. Efficient team relationships are decisive to a project’s success.
  • Reaction time is reduced. Integrating continuously is essential. In contrast to the former sequential development methods, stakeholders may now see the software’s state or any problems at any time. It is possible to avoid misunderstandings by discussing and clarifying specific situations, such as requests for features or needs.
  • Streamlined development and coordinated project administration. Agile teams often optimise processes by using management frameworks such as Scrum and Kanban, or the Extreme Programming (XP) methodology. Methods and tools for dividing projects into iterations, representing tasks symbolically, and tracking work-in-progress in tickets are all available to help reduce overwhelming amounts of labour.
  • Implementing software testing and development processes for software delivery. Teams should stick to the concept of short iteration sequences to ensure that all development and testing activities run simultaneously. An ideal streamlined procedure would have, after shifting testing responsibilities to more team members,
  • A team of developers, quality assurance engineers, and business stakeholders collaborated to create these user stories.
  • Developers build features based on user stories and execute unit and integration tests.
  • With the help of the Acceptance Criteria (AC), QA engineers create and execute acceptance tests and end-to-end tests to guarantee that the program works properly.
  • As a form of feedback for developers, stakeholders run finished features through pre-written acceptance test scripts to see if they meet the user story’s Acceptance Criteria.

How Do I Begin?

There isn’t a list of things to automate or a detailed tutorial on how to do it. Before you can begin automating processes for your team, you need to give some serious consideration to what it is you want to be automated and why.

To begin, you may do:

Figure out what needs doing again and over again, and where the programme is giving you trouble.

If the project or team isn’t already using automation, a multi-layered strategy is likely the way to proceed, with the unit tests being the first to be automated. Here is where you will see the greatest return on investment (ROI).

At the same time, testers can begin working on the regression and smoke test suits simultaneously. Gradually automate additional repetitious jobs after the team has mastered them and is comfortable.

Get a feel for what you need before you go out and buy a new tool. Just as I mentioned before, all it takes to automate some of the monotonous processes is a simple programme or macro. Do a proof of concept to see if the product would be useful before you commit to purchasing it.

For a more in-depth look at the challenges of automated testing and how to estimate the time and effort needed to complete a Selenium automation project’s tests, as well as a manual to automation testing, I invite you to peruse the materials linked below.

Planning the framework comes after settling on the automation scope and tool.

Keep in mind that the Agile framework has changed over time. It is NOT a good idea to focus on building the whole framework before applying it. After you’ve designed and implemented the Minimum Viable Product (MVP), you may build upon the current foundation to add new functionality. If you desire a comprehensive automation suite, you should also adhere to proper coding and development practices.

A Few Recommended Methods

  • To automate everything, you can’t do it all at once. Take baby steps. Keep in mind that this is a dynamic procedure
  • Apply the same Agile principles you would while creating software. For automation to work, careful preparation and design are also necessary. When automating, you should avoid adding to your technological debts.
  • Build a personalised backlog for test automation. Any number of features, both new and old, can be added to this queue. Assign narrative points to the things you’ve found. Bring these things from the backlog to your sprint and use a Kanban board to keep track of them.
  • Make sure your automation stories have clear acceptance criteria. Some examples of these conditions for approval are:
  • Making the test suite work with CI
  • Bringing the case to one central site
  • By emailing the findings
  • A mechanism to transmit the test failure error log files
  • Additionally, any additional considerations…
  • Spend just enough time testing out a new tool. You can establish a schedule for reviewing the new tool and make a prioritised list of your needs. Keep going until you get the desired outcome within the allotted time.
  • Carefully consider what tasks can be automated. A favourable return on investment (ROI) is not always achieved by every piece of automation. Automation should not be pursued for its own sake.
  • Select an appropriate setting for your development. Keep the code off of your own machine. Make it a practice to verify your code every night and have a repository to save it in.
  • It is also recommended to run all automated tests from the same central location. Set the guy free. It ought to be possible for each team member to run the scripts from their computer and receive the results by email.

How Can We Apply Agile Principles to Automate Tasks?

Here are some basic pointers:

  • Do not complicate matters. Take the necessary steps. Unfortunately, I’ve witnessed firsthand how our sugar-coated implementations may make automation more difficult than it has to be. We should stay away from unnecessary goods.
  • Just because something is simple doesn’t imply it’s easy. To accomplish your automation goals, you must take little action. The implementation of automation might end up being more involved than you anticipated, even if you started with a basic function to automate.
  • Use a team-based strategy. In an agile team, I think everyone plays the role of a tester. We shouldn’t limit automated work to just developers or testers. In order to automate the project, each discipline must play the role of the other. Any of the implementation-related technical problems might likewise be effectively addressed using this method.
  • Agile has seen the framework evolve. It is important to avoid adding unnecessary complexity to the piece of automation by avoiding providing too many capabilities.
  • Do it properly this time. you prevent technical debts, be sure you design it correctly.
  • Get regular comments
  • Stick to accepted coding practices and standards. Keep the tests separate from one another, use OOPS principles in the design, and keep things simple. Think about things like the test suit’s “maintainability.”

Will There Be Any Difficulties When I Use Agile to Automate?

There are indeed obstacles to automating in the Agile environment:

  • We must meticulously plot our course. Methods, frameworks, test suites, and tools should all be chosen with care. But we must be careful not to plan too much. Always have in mind the Minimum Viable Product or MVP.
  • For the sake of speed, let’s lower our standards for the code: Keep in mind that technological debts are valid in the realm of automation as well.
  • Most teams don’t use the “Whole-Team-Approach” and instead put all the burden of writing and updating the automated suite on the testers, who already have a lot on their plates.
  • The user interface is easier to automate than functional tests.
  • Improving testers’ abilities is the most pressing issue among all of these.

Automating and updating a team’s processes is quite similar to what programmers (developers) do for a living. Testers will need to acquire new knowledge, abilities, and tools for not just the implementation, but also the integration of the automated suite to continuous integration (CI).

Conclusion

Beyond the Smoke and Regression tests, there is a great deal of room for automation. Testers in an Agile environment need more than just the ability to locate bugs and flaws; so, we must abandon the idea of limiting automation to only these kinds of testing. There has to be increased teamwork among testers and an improvement in their programming and automation abilities. Automating a growing number of tests would free up testers to work on more complex and interesting projects using the Software Testing Training program in Noida, Delhi, Lucknow or other cities in India.

 

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